THE PROVINCE OF CAMARINES NORTE is located in Bicol, Philippines of Luzon. Its capital is Daet, bordered by Lamon Bay and the Pacific Ocean in the north, San Miguel Bay in the east side, Lamon Bay on the west, Quezon province in the west side and Camarines Sur to the south.
In the 15th century, Spanish colonizers came to the province and discovered that the settlements were into gold mining, since then they established a permanent garison in Naga to control the region and defend it from Chinese and Muslim pirates.
Next is the establishment of Bicol province in 1573, a few years later the sub-province of Camarines was created in 1636. Camarines was divided into Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur in 1829. During the Spanish regime, the two provinces were merged in between 1854 to 1893 establishing “Ambos Camarines” under one political unit. Then in 1917, the province was divided into Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur again. Spanish missionaries also came and Christianized the natives.
On March 3, 1919 by virtue of Act 2809 Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur became two separate provinces.
Camarines Norte has a total land area of 2,200 square kilometers or 220,012 hectares. The province has rolling hills, mountains, fertile plains and valleys along the coast with a population of 458,840. Majority of the population speaks Bikol language, as well as Tagalog and English.
In terms of climate, the province has no dry season but has a very pronounced maximum rain period from November to January. Camarines Norte is within the typhoon belt, thus typhoons usually affects the area. The typhoon months is usually felt from the months of April, June, July, October, November and December.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY IN CAMARINES NORTE
The economic revenue of the province comes from manufacturing and processing industries such as Gold Jewelry Production wherein jewelry manufacturers make handcrafted gold filigree in distinctive designs. Majority of the jewelry shops found here in the province belongs to the category of micro and small-scale enterprises with capitalization ranging from 50,000.00 pesos to a maximum of P2.94 Million.
The coconut industry is also an essential factor in the economy of Camarines Norte with various products being made out of coconut such as coco-coir, coconut husk and other by product. The province has 100,096 hectares of coconut area with 88.12% bearing trees. Pineapples are also widely grown in the province which is also exported to neighboring countries and provinces in the Philippines. Additional revenue also comes from food processing with products ranging from “patis”, other fish sauce, “bagoong” and native anchovies; metal works such as threshers, body building of tricycles, jeepneys, window grills and other construction needs. Furthermore, Camarines Norte ranks high in the mining and quarrying industry due to the billions of MT of metallic and Non-Metallic reserves.
ART AND CULTURAL HERITAGE IN CAMARINES NORTE
YEARLY SPECIAL EVENTS
BANTAYOG FESTIVAL This is celebrated in commemoration of the foundation day of the province featuring a commemorative mass, civic military parade, travel fair, exhibits, sports festival and others.
FISHTIVAL IN MERCEDES This is a Thanksgiving Tradition for fish farming venture.
PABIRIK FESTIVAL This is celebrated every January 27 to February 2. A week-long festival highlighting the culture, customs, traditions and history of the gold town of Paracale, with various sports, dance competitions, cultural presentations and beauty pageant.
PALONG FESTIVAL The festival occurs annually every May 13 with street dancing and agro-industrial fair in Capalonga.
PINEAPPLE FESTIVAL The Festival showcases the province’ famous and sweetest pineapple variety annually on June 1 to 31 in Daet.
BUSIG-ON FESTIVAL This is a month-long celebration in Labo town every September featuring history, culture and arts, religious practices and environment concerns.
BUYUBOY FESTIVAL This is a week-long celebration every November 4 to 8 with various activities.
DAET PEÑAFRANCIA FESTIVAL A fluvial procession along Daet River in honor of Nuestra Senora de Penafrancia every September.
CAMARINES NORTE PRODUCTS
The province leads in basket production made out of vines, roots and grass. Shell handicrafts are also popular buys in Camarines Norte; as well as garments which are exported such as infant apparel, coverall, overall, playsuit, swim suits, jumpsuit, trousers and shorts.
MUNICIPALITIES OF CAMARINES NORTE
The province is composed of 12 towns and 282 barangays:
CITIES AND MUNICIPALITIES
Paracale San Lorenzo Ruiz (Imelda)
The DPWH rest house in the Bicol Natural Park. Located about 21 km. from Daet, ideal for camping and picknicking.
Mercedes Fishing Village/Community
Tourists can have the experience of bidding fish catch by whisper. This is a hub of the fishing industry in the province.
Mercedes Group of Island
The islands can be reached in about 30 to 45 minute motorboat ride from Mercedes town proper. The major attractions in these islands are its clean white beaches, corrals, underwater sceneries, rock formations, caves and fish sanctuary, ideal for swimming, bird watching, boating, snorkeling, trekking, scuba diving and other sports activities.
Located in Daet which offers a water park, Y-shape man-made lagoon, fantasy laden pools and water slides.
Vinzons Catholic Church
This is one of the oldest churches in the Philippines.
Other places to visit:
PLANTATIONS AND CHURCHES
ANCESTRAL HOUSES /MUSEUMS / LIBRARIES AND HISTORICAL LANDMARKS
Jose Ma. Panganiban Shrine (JOMAPA)
Rufino Pabico Ancestral House
CAVES / RIVERS / SPRINGS
BEACH / RESORTS / FALLS
Lanot Soda Spring
Apuao Grande Island Resort
Imee-Irene Twin Falls
Pulang Daga Beach
San Jose Beach
Camarines Norte can be reached through Pili Airport in Camarines Sur. From the airport you can take a bus or a cab to Daet via Naga City.
Camarines Norte is about six hours drive from Manila. Different transportation companies, such as Philtranco, Superlines, AMDG, and others, have air-conditioned buses plying the Daet-Manila-Daet and Daet-Naga-Legazpi-Daet routes.