THE PROVINCE OF APAYAO is a province in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon with Kabugao as its capital. The province is bordered to the north and east side by Cagayan, to the west by Abra and Ilocos Norte, to the south side by Kalinga. Kalinga and Apayao used to be a single province before 1995, known as Kalinga-Apayao until they became a separate province.
The early inhabitants of Apayao were of Isneg Tribe. In 1610, Dominican Friars arrived in the province and established a missionary in the area now known as the town of Pudtol. A few years later the friars attempted again to convert the settlers and built a Church in the area now known as Cabugao, but the mission failed.
In 1891, the Spaniards established a commanding post in Apayao and Cabugaoan. However, this move did not bring total control or changed over the area. Then on August 13, 1908 upon the arrival of the Americans they established the Mountain Province by virtue of Act No. 1876 making Apayao, Amburayan, Benguet, Bontoc, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Lepanto sub-provinces. After 55 years by virtue of Republic Act 4695 on June 18, 1966 Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province (Bontoc) and Kalinga-Apayao became independent provinces of Mountain Province.
Then on July 15, 1987, the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) was established by former President Corazon C. Aquino and Kalinga-Apayao became one of its provinces. It was on February 14, 1995, Kalinga-Apayao was split into two distinct provinces with the passage of Republic Act No. 7878.
Apayao province has a total land area of 4,207.24 square kilometer. Current City records shows that 50,662 hectares are classified as Alienable and Disposable land and 9.8% are classified as Agricultural Land with 19,952 hectares used for crop production. The remaining areas are forestlands. The upper portion of Apayao has mountainous topography with peaks, plateaus and valleys, while the lower Apayao portion is generally flat land with rolling mountains and plateaus.
In terms of population, Apayao now has 116,180 people in 26,812 households. The dominant dialect used is Ilocano, followed by Isneg and Tagalog language.
The climate in Apayao has a type III classification characterized by not very pronounced dry and wet season, relatively from the months of December to April and wet during the rest of the year. Heaviest rain occurs during the months of August or September. Typhoon frequently occurs during the period from July to October. The coolest month of the year is December to February and May is the warmest month.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY IN APAYAO
Apayao is devoted to agricultural production, particularly food and industrial crops such as palay, corn, coffee, root crops and vegetables. Main fruits produce are lanzones, citrus, bananas and pineapples. Rice production totals 42,602 metric tons annually, as food crops totals 96,542 metric tons.
Economic activity is also based on livestock and poultry breeding such as swine, carabao, cattle, goat and sheep. Other additional investment includes manufacturing, food processing, furniture, crafts and house wares making.
ART AND CULTURAL HERITAGE IN APAYAO
The people in Apayao celebrate Apayao Day every February 14 featuring cultural, sports activities and pageantry. Other festivities are Conner every third week of May with various presentations and events; Say-Am-Talip-TadocFestival showcasing ethnic songs, dance rituals; and Pudtol Town Fiesta celebrated every last Thursday, Friday and Saturday of the month of May with agro-trade fair and various sports activities.
The province is into furniture, Garment craft, food processing, gifts and house wares making.
MUNICIPALITIES OF APAYAO
Kalibo has 16 barangays:
Conner Flora Kabugao
Agamata National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary
This is a recommended tourist destination located in Calanasan municipality.
The River has beautiful waterfalls in various sizes.
Blue Haven (Calanasan)
Dacao Irrigation Intake Structure (Flora)
Jamboree Site (Flora)
This is located in the municipality of Pudtol
Lizardo Brooks (Pudtol)
Malabisin Lake and Underground River
This is located in Paco Valley.
This mountain is known as the highest peak in the province.
Negritos Village (Flora)
Panay Airport Site (Sta. Marcela)
This Church is also considered as one of the oldest Church in the Philippines situated in Pudtol.
Spanish Church Ruins
This ruins can be found at Barangay Emilia in Pudtol.
Swan Hilltop View
This has a magnificent view of the River and other municipalities of Apayao.
Turod View Deck (Luna)
Other places to visit:
RIVERS / LAKES / FALLS
Purit Cave and Danao Lake
Waton Subterranean River
Agora Wildlife Sanctuary
Anag-Sicapo Wildlife Sanctuary
Swan Ogee Dam
SPRINGS AND BEACHES
NATURAL CAVES AND HILLS
Malabanag Hot Spring
Abbot Cave and Lover’s Lane
The province is accessible via air-conditioned buses such as Dangwa, Autobus bus, Victory Liner which is approximately 12 hours travel time. The bus passed through the McArthur Highway and Cagayan Valley Road.