THE PROVINCE OF BOHOL or'Republic of Bohol' is located in the Central Visayas, Philippines. Its capital is Tagbilaran City and is the 10th largest island in the country, bordered by Cebu in the west side, Leyte in the northeast and Mindanao in the south side. Bohol is also one of the popular tourist destinations in the Philippines with its fine beaches and resorts located in Panglao Island, as well as the world famous Chocolate Hills and the smallest primate in the world which is the Philippine Tarsier.
The early settlers of the province were known as the pintados or “tattooed ones.” The name of the place was derived from the word Bo-ho or Bo-ol. On March 16, 1565, the Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legazpi arrived in Bohol and made a peace pact with Datu Sikatuna through a blood compact called the “Sandugo” which means one blood. Originally Bohol was under the jurisdiction of Cebu during the Spanish era, but on July 22, 1854 the province became a separate politico-military province.
In the time of the American colonization, revolutionary movements took place that led to the Philippine-American War. American troops landed in Tagbilaran and took over the island. Pedro Samson was hired to build a police force for the island. However, Samson took his troops and equipment into the interior of Bohol and began an insurgency. In 1901 fighting became worse that resulted to burning of towns by the American troops as retaliation. On December 23, 1901, Samson and his men surrendered after being granted amnesty and taking a loyalty oath. American troops left in February 1902. On March 10, 1917, the Americans made Bohol a separate province under Act 2711.
In the onset of World War II, Japanese Imperial Army landed in Tagbilaran on May 17, 1942. Bohol was later liberated by American troops on April 11, 1945.
The province has a total land area of 55,542 hectares or 555.4 square kilometers only with two major Islands: Bohol Island and Maripipi Island. The main island is mountainous with very narrow coastal areas. Only the municipalities of Naval and Caibiran have wide plains suitable for agriculture. Land use is primarily for agriculture which comprises 30,628 hectares of the total land area. Forest land totals to 12,879 hectares; 598 hectares for fishpond, mangrove and inland water; built-up area is 1,855 hectare, and open and grasslands constitutes 9,582 hectares.
Currently Bohol has a total population of 140,274 with 27,907 households. Annual population growth rate is 1.28%. The inhabitants of Bohol primarily speak Cebuano and Waray. Majority of the residents also speak and understand Tagalog and English.
On the other hand, climate of the province is classified as Type II. Bohol Island does not experience a prolonged dry season but it has very pronounced rainfall especially during December and only subsides in January. Minimum rainfall is experienced in the month of April.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY IN BOHOL
Tourism plays a vital role in the economy of Bohol. There is a proposed international airport for Panglao which will increase tourism furthermore in the Island, but as of this time the proposal is still pending. Additional investment comes from agriculture and micro and cottage industries.
The province boasts of its products that are also exported such as prawns, baskets and woven raffia.
MUNICIPALITIES OF BOHOL
Bohol is a first-class A province with 3 congressional districts and composed of 47 municipalities, 1 city and 1,109 barangays:
Buenavista Clarin Dagohoy Danao Getafe (Jetafe) Inabanga
Pres. Carlos P. Garcia
Sagbayan San Isidro San Miguel Talibon Trinidad Ubay
Anda Batuan Bilar Candijay Carmen Dimiao Duero Garcia Hernandez Guindulman
Lila Loay Loboc Mabini Pilar Sevilla Sierra Bullones Valencia
Anibogan Massacre Site
A historical place which symbolizes the lives of the Filipino massacre victims during the Japanese regime.
Behind the Clouds
Located in Catigbian and is the cradle of the resistance movement during the Japanese occupation.
Blood Compact Site
This is located in Bool, Tagbilaran City and features a marker. This is the spot where Datu Sikatuna forged a Blood Compact with Don Miguel Lopez de Legazpi. The Blood Compact on March 16, 1565 is considered as the first “Treaty of Friendship”.
This is where the last bastion of Boholano insurgents stayed during World War II.
This is the most famous tourist attraction in Carmen, Bohol. Among the 1,268 perfectly cone-shaped hills which abound in Central Bohol, two have been developed into a resort. On top of the hills is a complex that offers accommodation, conference rooms, restaurants, and a view deck.
This is situated in Danao and was placed in honor of Francisco Dagohoy who led the longest revolt in the country against the Spaniards, which lasted for 84 years. Their skeletons still remain in the site.
Mount Carmel Hill
Located in Balilihan with a historical tower of adobe and limestone. The tower was built at the foot of a hill to serve as the belfry of the church.
President Carlos P. Garcia Memorial Park
This was built in honor of Carlos Polistico Garcia, the fourth President of the Republic of the Philippines who is also a Boholano himself.
One of the rare faunas found in the Philippine archipelago and is the smallest nocturnal primate in the whole world measuring from four to five inches only. They can be found in the town of Corella.
The marker was erected in memory of the battle fought by the brave guerilla Captain Francisco Salazar and his men against the forces of the Japanese.
Other places to visit:
LIBRARIES / MUSEUMS / SPRINGS
ANCESTRAL HOUSES AND LANDMARKS
Roxas Park and Spring
Clarin Ancestral House
Corpus Antique Spanish House
Macas Orchids and Farm
The Historic Ermita Ruins
Tigbao Hanging Bridge
CHURCHES / HILLS / CAVES / RIVERS
BEACH / RESORTS / FALLS
Lord of Pardon Hill
Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church
The Fatima Rosary Hill
Dimiao Twin Falls
Bohol is served by Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific flying to and from Manila with at least 2 trips daily, 7 days a week.
Bohol's major seaports include the Tagbilaran City, and the towns of Tubigon and Jagna. Travel time of 1 hour and 30 minutes by fastcraft.