THE PROVINCE OF BUKIDNON is a landlocked province situated in the Northern Mindanao region of the Philippines. Its capital is Malaybalay City, bordered by Misamis Oriental, Agusan del Sur, Davao del Norte, Cotabato, Lanao del Sur, and Lanao del Norte. Bukidnon is considered as the food basket of Mindanao with pineapple plantations and among many other fruits.
Early settlers of the province were known as mountain people and their settlement was then called “Malaybalay” or few houses. In 1850, the province became a part of Misamis. On August 20, 1907, the Province of Agusan was established and made Bukidnon as its sub-province by virtue of the Philippine Commission Act No. 1693. It was only on March 10, 1917 when Bukidnon became a regular, independent province by virtue Act 2711 with the creation of the Department of Mindanao and Sulu.
Bukidnon has a total land area of 829,378 hectares. The province's terrain is characterized by deep ravines and thickly forested mountains which protect the province from storms. The land is composed of rolling tableland of grass with an average elevation of 915 meters and the low plains alternating with rolling uplands, deep canyons and valleys.
Currently, the province has a total population of 1,060,275. Majority of the residents of Bukidnon are Cebuanos, followed by Panay-Hiligaynons, Manobos, Muslims, other Visayans, Tagalogs and Ilocanos. Predominant language used is Cebuano, followed by Binukid and English.
Bukidnon is relatively cool and moist throughout the year. The northern part of the province has no pronounced maximum rain period and only has a short dry season lasting only for one to three months. On the other hand, the southern part of Bukidnon has no pronounced maximum rain period and no dry season. Annual temperature is 24.04 °C with maximum and minimum temperature of 29.6 °C and 18.5 °C.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY IN BUKIDNON
The economy of Bukidnon is based in agriculture produce which are also exported to other countries such as rice, corn, maize, sugar, coffee, rubber, pineapple, tomato, flowers, cassava, and other fruits and vegetables. The province is also into livestock and poultry raising such as chickens, hogs and cattle.
The province now has various establishments, manufacturing firms and industries present in its vicinity, such as the Del Monte Philippines, Inc., Lapanday Diversified Products Corp. and Mt. Kitanglad Agri-Development Corp. all are engaged in pineapple production and Del Monte is also into cattle fattening. Others industries are Dole Philippines and Mt. Kitanglad Agri-Ventures, Inc. that is into banana production. There are also industries that are into sugar milling and refining, as well as starch, cacao and cutflower production. Additional investment also comes from making rubber boots and rubber shoes that is exported to Japan.
ART AND CULTURAL HERITAGE IN BUKIDNON
The province of Bukidnon has various groups and indigenous tribes which migrated in the area since the turn of the 20th century. Those who are living in the mountains and forest continued to hold on their ancestors’ cultural heritage such as the oral folk literature classified as “Antoka” or riddles, “Basahan” or proverbs or wise sayings, “Kalingoan” or ceremonial songs, “Limbay” or lyric poem, “Sala” or love song and “Nanangon” or folk tales. In terms of Religion, these tribes believe in one God “Magbabaya” but have minor gods and goddesses under his command who watches rivers and lakes and the earth.
Bukidnon also celebrates Kaamulan Festival during the end week of February to the first week of March featuring rich customs and traditions of 7 ethnic hill tribes of Bukidnon. The Festival also highlights the province’ foundation day, trade fair, garden show, food fest, agri-fair, rodeo or horse show, street dancing contest, and rituals showcasing tribal Bukidnon culture.
Bukidnon is a major producer of rice, corn, sugar coffee, rubber, pineapple, tomato, flowers, cassava, and other fruits and vegetables, as well as chicken, hogs, and cattle. The province’s popular handmade products are baskets, woodwares and carvings, and mats made out of rattan, bamboo and wood. Rubber boots and shoes are also made here for export. In terms of food, fresh pineapples and other fruits are popular buys in the province.
MUNICIPALITIES OF BUKIDNON
Bukidnon is composed of 464 barangays in 21 municipalities and two component cities. The province is grouped into 3 congressional districts:
CITIES AND MUNICIPALITIES
Baungon Cabanglasan Damulog Dangcagan Don Carlos Impasug-Ong Kadingilan Kalilangan Kibawe
Lantapan Libona Malitbog Manolo Fortich Maramag Pangantucan Quezon San Fernando Sumilao
The province has 80 to 90 known caves, many of them still unexplored. A local group of spelunkers known as Speleo Mindanao can provide guides and equipment. Cave exploring begins at Sumalsag Cave with a short underwater swim at the exit.
Cagayan Whitewater River
This is also known as Bubunawan River. The 25km whitewater run is consistently fast and drops can be severe. The rapids are continuous, with few places to rest.
Del Monte Philippines
This plantation is located in the Municipality of Manolo Fortich, Libona, Impasugong, Sumilao and Malaybalay. It is considered to be the biggest pineapple plantation in the Far East. The place also has a Golf Course.
The site of Kaamulan Festival.
Monastery of Transfiguration
The place is ideal for retreat and reflection.
Mount Kitanglad Range National Park
Situated in North Central Bukidnon with an area of 31,295 hectares. This is the 2nd highest mountain in the Philippines towering up to 9,000 feet.
The River has a scenic and serene view with lush forests and hills along its riverbank.
Stone Mark of Yoshitos Grave
This is situated in Manolo Fortich. It has a stone inscription marking the grave of high ranking Japanese Official who was killed during World War II.
Other places to visit:
CAVES / LAKES / MAN-MADE DESTINATIONS
PARKS AND OTHER HISTORICAL LANDMARKS
Luan-Luan Swimming Pool
Atugan New Bridge
Bukidnon Forests Incorporated Industrial Tree Plantation
There are no direct flights to Bukidnon from Manila. Philippine airlines have 3 daily flights from Manila to Cagayan de Oro City and one daily flight from Cebu.
To get to Bukidnon, one must travel by land from Cagayan de Oro City in Misamis Oriental Province with 2 hours travel time and 12 hours by sea from Cebu. Local Bus companies in Cagayan de Oro, such as the Bachelor Express, Tomawis, and many others, service this route.