THE PROVINCE OF BULACAN is a province located in Central Luzon region of the Philippines and comprises of three cities: Malolos City (the capital), Meycauayan City and San Jose del Monte City. Bulacan is located north of Metro Manila, bordered by Pampanga to the west, Nueva Ecija to the north, Aurora and Quezon to the east, and Rizal to the south.
The province started as a small fishing settlement along the coast of Manila Bay. The Spaniards arrived in the 16th century and expanded the settlement that led to the formation of Bulacan and Calumpit in 1572 and San Rafael in 1750. Bulacan was derived from the Tagalog word "bulak" which means cotton and is abundant in the area.
In the year 1848, San Miguel town was adjoined to Bulacan from Pampanga. The province is known for its first Philippine Revolution during the Spanish regime. In 1897, the first phase of the revolution ended with the signing of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato in San Miguel between the Filipinos and the Spaniards, after which the revolutionary leader Emilio Aguinaldo was exiled to Hong Kong.
The following year, the constitution of the First Philippine Republic was drafted by the Malolos Congress at Barasoain Church and established Malolos as its capital, until President Emilio Aguinaldo transferred it to San Isidro, Nueva Ecija in 1899 when the Philippine-American War broke out. On May 6, 1899, the Americans established a civil government and held the first election in the town of Baliuag, Bulacan.
Bulacan lies in the southern area of the fertile plains of Central Luzon. The area is drained by the Angat and Pampanga rivers. Mount Oriol is the highest point in the province at 1170 meters.
The province now has a total population of 2,234,088 with a growth rate of 4.98% in 463,886 households, and still growing. The language used in the province is predominantly Tagalog. Other dialects used by the townfolks are Waray, Ilocano, Bicolano, and Kapampangan.
In terms of climate, Bulacan has two pronounced seasons: dry season from the months of November to April and wet season for the rest of the year. The hottest month is May with a temperature of 29.7 °C while the coldest is February with temperature of 18.1 °C.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY IN BULACAN
The province is named as the "Northern Gateway from Manila" due to its national trunkline road, Philippine-Japan Friendship Highway that gives beneficial accessibility for key private investors to develop several industrial estates in Bulacan. Its strategic location opens the province as an expansion area for industries which attracts more investment and economic activities.
Currently, the major industries in Bulacan are into leather tanning, cement bag making, fireworks manufacturing, ceramics, textiles, food processing, and shoe manufacturing. In terms of agri-based products, major crop produce are rice, corn, vegetables, and fruits such as mangoes.
Bulacan is known for the following produce such as marble and marbleized limestone, jewelry, pyrotechnics or fire crackers, leather, aquaculture, meat and meat products, garments, furniture, sweets and native delicacies like pastillas de leche, pastillas de yema, pastillas de ube, macapuno or ube balls, minasa, inipit, ensaymada, cassava or rice cakes, puto, kalamay, suman and among others.
A stone cave in Angat which was also chosen by the Katipuneros as a hideout before they finally selected Biak-na-Bato. It is now a popular picnic place.
This is located in Malolos and is the site for the Constitutional Convention of the First Philippine Republic.
Casa Real Shrine
Served as the National Museum and the National Printing Press during the First Philippine Republic in Malolos.
This is located in Norzagaray. It is used as a reservoir for the La Mesa Dam which distributes water to Metro Manila residents.
Kakarong de Sili Shrine
A battle site where 3,000 Katipuneros died in the hands of Spanish soldiers in Pandi.
Pulilan Butterfly Haven
Located along San Francisco Street and is a perfect place for nature lovers where they can witness the butterfly’s fascinating life cycle.
Other places to visit:
CHURCHES / HILLS / CAVES / RIVERS
ANCESTRAL HOUSES /MUSEUMS / LIBRARIES AND HISTORICAL LANDMARKS
Church of Hagonoy
San Rafael Church
St. John the Baptist Church
Sta. Monica Church
Angat Hydroelectric Plant
Apo Iru Gatbcuca
Barasoain Church Ecclesiastical Museum
Barasoain Church Historical Landmarks History Museum
C&B Orchid Farm
Hiyas ng Bulacan Museum
Marcelo H. Del Pilar Shrine
Mash Gas Flame
MOUNTAINS AND ISLANDS
BEACH / RESORTS / FALLS / SPRINGS
Pandi Mineral and Bath Spring Resort
All buses bound for the northern parts of Luzon pass through Bulacan. Malolos is a mere 30-minute ride from Manila. Baliuag Transit in Cubao has buses that leave every half hour for Baliuag and Hagonoy.