LIGAO CITY is a 5th class city in the Albay province of the Philippines. The municipality is within the central part of the third district of Albay and bounded by other municipalities such as Oas, Guinobatan, Tabaco, and Pio Duran.
Ligao came from the word “ticau” meaning an abundant tree with poisonous leaves that is used to catch fish in rivers or creeks by Ligaoeños. However, the other townsfolk version is that the name of Ligao was derived from “licau” meaning to take a long way around or find a short cut route out from the usual way.
In the 16th century, Ligao is a “Cavasi” small settlement that later on other natives migrated in the said town. Later on, aggressive and ambitious leaders of the settlement caused trouble and clashes, and created their own divisions of settlements that led by chieftains or maginoos: Pagkilatan, Maaban, Sampoñgan, Makabongay and Hokoman. Chieftain Pagkilatan was appointed supreme leader over the entire settlement with the approval of the other maginoos, and peace was restored.
In 1606, the town was founded as a barrio of Polangui and was later annexed to Oas in 1665. Then the following year, Ligao became an independent municipality. It was in 1881 when the Presidencia Building was built to serve as the seat of the local government since then major renovations and reconstruction was done in the said building after that year. Later on an annex was built in the said building and is used by succeeding executives.
Then on March 24, 2001, Ligao became the third component City of the Province of Albay under Republic Act No. 9008.
The city has a total land area of 24,640 hectares which is 9.65% of the total land area of Albay. Land use is more on Agriculture, residential, commercial, industrial utilities and other special uses of the city. The rest of the land is forest lands about 8.32% of the total land area. Forestlands are primarily preserved and protected. These Forest Lands are generally found in the Barangays of Baligang, at the foot of the slopes of Mayon Volcano; Maonon, Cabarian, Bonga, Paulog and Paulba.
Ligao has a total population of 90,603 in 17,031 households. There is a slow growth rate of population in the recent years. Most of the population speaks Bicolano language.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
The municipality has a medium–sized trade center engaged in wholesale and retail businesses that has a buy-and-sell scheme. Currently, there are various banks, lending institutions, other establishments, and telephone companies situated in the city.
Agro-industrial is the primary economic business in Ligao with other agro-industrial projects such as piggery, poultry and comprada warehouse. There are also existing industries such as ice plant, coco manufacturing, noodles manufacturing, pilinut, and storage warehousing.
The City of Ligao has a combination of second type (no dry season with more pronounced rainfall) during the months of November to December and fourth type weather with an even distribution of rainfall throughout the year. The mean temperature ranges from 25.4 °C and humidity varies from 81% to 85%.
Agricultural crop production dominates the city such as coconut, rice, corn, bananas and other root crops. There are also fifteen private-owned livestock and poultry farms in the municipality with poultry, swine, cattle and goat being raised. Private fish ponds can also be seen in other areas of the city.
All tourists can try famous cuisines of Ligao City rich in spices, coconut milk, and hot chili which are traditional for all dishes in this city.
Almost 97% of the residents are Roman Catholic.
LIST OF “BARANGAYS” (or communities)
Ligao has 55 communities:
Santa Cruz (Pob.)
All time favorite destination of both local and foreign tourists. The Volcano has its own natural springs and caves.
DIVINAFLOR HIDDEN SPRING RESORT
MABIGAO LAKE AND UNDERGROUND CAVES
VARIOUS BEACHES ALONG THE COASTAL SEASHORE
From Legazpi Airport, Ligao is just a 1 hour drive.
Ligao is accessible via a 10 hrs. bus trip from Manila.