ALAMINOS CITY is a 5th class city in Pangasinan, Philippines. The City boasts of its world famous Hundred Islands National Park which composed of 123 small islands. Tourists often visit this place.
Zambals were the first settlers of Alaminos that was once existed as barrio “Suyang” named after the leader of Zambals. They settled in the shoreline and fishing became their main source of living. The place has a panoramic view of the Capurwapurwan or now known as the Hundred Islands and Cabaruyan Islands which is now known as Anda Islands.
In 1735, the settlers built their very first church, convent and tribunal house and St. Joseph became the Patron Saint of the place. However, in 1737 the settlers decided to leave the settlement because it is always devastated by typhoons, and continuous pestilence of their livestock was observed. The settlers transferred to a new high level site and named it Casborran. Then in 1747, the barrio became an independent town.
Peace and harmony was broken in 1758 due to dissension and disagreement among the inhabitants which was then governed by Don Antonio Nicolas. This led to the migration of some natives to another barrio together with Don Nicolas, although some disengaged their support to the latter and returned to Casborran town soon thereafter. This event prompted Don Antonio Nicolas to return to Pangasinan and engaged the service of a rebel group in San Carlos names “Palaris”. These rebels went to Casborran town, burned the whole town and looted all pocessions of the inhabitants. Later on the inhabitants came out from their hiding place and rebuilt the town again. In 1764, Don Antonio dela Cruz was elected Gobernadorcillo, however peace and unity in the town has not yet been achieved. The town was in chaos that ultimately led to its reversion into a barrio and the descendants of Suyang migrated to Bani. A few years later, Lord Delegate Don Jose de Cervantes visited the province and made his own observation of the place that prompted him to decide that the barrio should be immediately transferred to a new site which is now known as the Alaminos. Ultimately, tranquility among the inhabitants was restored.
Nevertheless, the inhabitants renamed the barrio to Salapsap or Sarapsap which means river cascade. The land was rebuilt with chapel, convent, tribunal house and a school building. In 1840, the first stone Church was built. By the turn of the 19th century, Salapsap became a progressive town in north of Zambales. Then in 1872, under the leadership of Captain Domingo Montemayor, Sarapsap was renamed to Alaminos in honor of the then Governor-General of the Philippines, Lieutenant Governor-General Alaminos.
The administrative land area of Alaminos is 166.23 square kilometers or 14, 486.144 which consists of Forest Lands, Fishpond, coastline, and roads.
The current population of Alaminos City is 73,448 people in 15,527 households. The predominant language used is Ilocano and Panggalatok, followed by Tagalog.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
The City is now a booming trade, commercial and educational center of Western Pangasinan because of its strategic location, abundant natural resources and the most famous tourist attraction, Hundred Islands National Park. With these advantages it attracted more investors and helped in the economic development of the city.
There are two pronounced seasons in Alaminos, the dry season from months of November to April and wet season during the rest of the months. Maximum rainfall happens in August, and the average temperature is 27.91ºC.
The main temperature of the city is 27.92, the highest temperature occurs in the months of April and May
with 30°C, and the lowest is 26°C during December, January and Friday.
ARTS & CULTURE
Priceless customs, beliefs and crafts are well valued by the people of Alaminos such as the following customary celebrations:
Agri-Trade Fair – This festivity showcases the best of Alaminos products from various native delicacies such as Alaminos longanisa, grilled bangus belly, unique binungey and oyster nuggets.
City and Barangay Fiestas – This is a weeklong celebration that starts on March 17 and highlights various fun-filled activities such as concerts of famous artists, beauty pageants and sports competitions.
Flores De Mayo (Flowers of May) – This starts with the traditional Novena for nine days, in honor of the Virgin Mary followed by Santacruzan in celebration of the Holy Cross. Loveliest Alaminos ladies are selected to participate in the late afternoon procession that often stretches into evening wearing elegant gowns.
Hundred Islands Festival – This Festival is the most anticipated event in Alaminos City, showcasing sky diving competition, skills Olympics or island adventure race, inviting the thrill-seeking foreign and local tourists. Aqua products and seafood cuisine are also displayed and restaurants prepare sumptuous menus.
Moro-Moro or Zarzuela – This is a traditional musical play that presents the rich history or colorful origin of the city during the Spanish regime.
Senakulo – This is celebrated during Lenten season, re-enacting the Savior’s death together with a solemn parade.
Talaba Festival –The Oyster Festival is one of the seafood specialties in the city. People can be found cheering the contestants in an oyster-shucking contest or cooking showdown. There is also a beauty pageant and some performances of local bands.
Alaminos City is well known for its bangus production, Pancit miki, quality snow-white salt, rattan and bamboo craft industries.
Visitors can immerse one self in a wide array of delectable cuisines and dishes such as the steamy bowl of pinakbet or a binungey topped with sugar. Have a taste of the
seafoods in the restaurants dotting the wharf, as well as the native cakes sold abundantly in the city market. Other foods and delicacies to savor for are longanisa, patupat, suman, talaba, bangus, sila-sila, seaweeds, bagoong (Alaminos style).
Roman Catholic is the main religion in Alaminos City; the city’s main church is St. Joseph Cathedral.
LIST OF “BARANGAYS” (or communities)
The City has 39 barangays:
Tourists can enjoy a variety of adventures to choose from in Alaminos City. One can certainly snorkel and scuba dive in turquoise waters or explore the many seductive coves of the Hundred Islands National Park. Visitors can also see extraordinary formations of the Umbrella Rock in Sabangan. Other site attractions are:
This beach is situated 10 kilometers from the city proper. It is a famous weekend destination and getaway for families and friends. This beach is horseshoe-shaped and has shallow waters. The beach also provides wooden sheds and cottages, complete with picnic tables and videoke equipment for all-out entertainment.
Visitors can marvel the ten caves that have been identified and is located at the Hundred Islands.
The Hundred Islands National Park is also a home to the fragile and diverse jewels of Coral Reefs. These corals also protect the 123 islets coast from the impact of waves. Divers and snorkelers can surely enjoy this adventure. However due to dynamite and cyanide fishing some of the coral reefs have started to deplete and become endangered, but with the concerted effort of the localities rehabilitation and restoration has been done by planting artificial reefs in some parts of the park. Just like the natural reefs, they will serve as vital breeding grounds for the sea creatures, so they could again flourish and replenish the Park’s resources. The City is committed in securing the protection of these new treasures.
HUNDRED ISLANDS NATIONAL PARK
This park covers an area of 1,844 hectares and the Islands are believed to be two million years old. The Islets scattered in Lingayen Gulf are numbered to 124 at low tide, and 123 when high tide. Be mesmerized by the beauty of this park and the white sand of its islets.
TAKLOBOS OR GIANT CLAMS
The Giant Clams or locally known Taklobos is regarded as the world’s largest bivalve mollusks which extends over a meter and can weigh over 225 kg. The massive size is a magnificent attraction to visiting tourists who dive or snorkel in the area. These Clams are also endangered and through a concerted effort established by the University of the Philippines Marine Science Institute (UPMSI), they started replanting clams in some parts of the park which is strictly protected and prohibited from divers or snorkelers in those areas.
Five Star bus line have trips 24/7 bound for Manila and Victory Liner have late night scheduled trips all bound for Cubao. Bolinao town proper on the other hand is a 45minute to 1-hour ride from Alaminos City.