URDANETA CITY is a 2nd class city in the eastern part of the province Pangasinan, Philippines. The city is bounded by the municipality of Binalonan in the north side, Villasis in the south, Asingan in the east, and Sta. Barbara in the west side. Urdaneta is approximately 186 kilometers away from Manila, 70 kilometers away from Baguio and 40 kilometers from Lingayen.
The first inhabitants of Urdaneta were mostly Ilocano migrants and became a pueblo on January 8, 1858. Various legends were given as to how the name of the place was derived. Some say, that Urdaneta’s original name was “Organeta” which means little organ or unit since the place was composed of portions of barrios where mostly travelers and traders converged. According to other city archives, the city was named after the famous aide of Magellan, Father Simon de Urdaneta.
In 1837, the town flourished into a village and churches and convents were built in this period. The following year, it became a municipality. Then during the American occupation, elective municipal executives took over the reins of the town one after the other as Municipal Presidents. In 1963, Philippine Commonwealth was born and opened a period of municipal mayors. Urdaneta eventually became a city on January 10, 1998 by virtue of Republic Act 8480.
The current population of the city is 111,582 people in 22,908 households. English and Filipino are widely spoken and the basic tools of instruction in schools. Pangasinense is spoken in the central part of the province while Ilocano is spoken mostly by the people in the western and eastern towns.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
Urdaneta City is now the leading city in Ilocos region in terms of net income, gross income, total assets and total equity. Agriculture based industries remain to be the source of income of many. The city reported a net income of P132, 107,000 with a gross income of P382, 699,000. It also has the highest total assets among all the region’s cities totaling P810, 722,000. Urdaneta’s rise from fourth class to 2nd class city is considered phenomenal.
The province experiences two pronounced seasons: dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. Maximum rainfall is observed in August. Average monthly temperature is 27.91ºC with the highest occurring in May and the lowest in January.
ARTS & CULTURE
Urdaneta City continues to preserve its cultural heritage and identity as Ibanags and through the Ibanag Council for Culture and the Arts (ICCA); it implemented Culture, Arts and Tourism Action Plan to transmit encouragement and public awareness of the Ibanag cultural heritage. Example of this is the yearly celebration of the Ibanag Festival which is participated by the schools, barangays and NGOs performing Ibanag songs and dances; and the Ibanag epic showcasing the Ibanag culture.
Prominent industries are bagoong making, handicrafts and gifts, toys and houseware making.
The Diocese of Urdaneta was created on January 12, 1985. The diocese covers 17 municipalities on the eastern part of the civil province of Pangasinan, a land area of 1,616 square kilometers and a population of 625,855 of which 85 per cent are Catholics. Its titular patroness is Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception. The Dioceses of Urdaneta and Alaminos were once part of the then Diocese of Lingayen. Reverend Pedro G. Magugat, MSC became the first Resident Bishop of the newly constituted Diocese of Urdaneta. In the year 1995, a Renewal and Revitalization Program was launched, coinciding with the 10th founding anniversary of the Diocese of Urdaneta.
LIST OF “BARANGAYS” (or communities)
The city is subdivided into 34 barangays: