LA CARLOTA CITY is a 3rd class City in Negros Occidental, Philippines. The place is situated at the Southwestern portion of Negros Occidental, bounded by Bago City in the North side, the mountain ranges of Kanlaon Volcano in the East, La Castellana town in the Southeast, Pontevedra town in the South side and San Enrique town in the East.
La Carlota used to be an agricultural settlement wherein settlers living are based on rice planting and making of tobacco. It was in 1856 when the village of Mampunay was known and later on the settlements were appointed with the name of barrio Simancas. The barrio was placed under the jurisdiction of the Valladolid municipality.
On July 23, 1864, the residents of San Enrique, Pontevedra and Simancas formed their own town and named it San Enrique. However, on October 15, 1869 a Royal Decree was issued making Pontevedra a parish and Simancas into a town. Then in 1871, the King of Spain issued another decree changing the name Simancas town to La Carlota. On December 4, 1876, a Royal Order was again issued creating La Carlota into a parish.
Eventually the town grew rapidly as more settlers came in to work and develop the forested lands that continued for the next 20 years. In 1880, Don Teodoro Guerra at Hacienda Caiñaman built the very first Muscovado Sugar Mill in La Carlota that paved way for the creation of Sugar Mills, two Hydraulic Mills, and eight steam engines. The growth resulted in creating LA GRANJA'S AGRICOLAS on November 15, 1881, appointing La Carlota as an agricultural model farm. It was only on July 8, 1884, that the decree was promulgated and La Granja in barrio Cubay, La Carlota was opened.
In 1890 to 1986 a revolutionary uprise against Spain was formed and established. It was also during these years that Negros Island was divided into Negros Occidental and Oriental. Then in the years 1901 to 1906, La Carlota figured again a revolution against the Americans operating in the district of La Carlota, Isabela, Kabankalan and La Castellana. A few years later Central Azucarera de La Carlota was constructed. In 1934 the seat of the local government was constructed, followed by the very first high school building and the biggest Carnival Fair was held. Various events were held that resulted to the creation of La Carlota into a chartered City on June 19, 1965 by virtue of Republic Act No. 4585. From a scattered settlement, La Carlota City became one of the major sugar producing cities in the Philippines.
The total land area of the city is 13,729 hectares or 139.29 hectares square kilometers. Mt. Kanlaon Natural Park comprises an area of 1,046.125 hectares. Barangay Ara-al has the biggest land area of 1,920.5902 hectares and Barangay III in the Poblacion is the smallest with 90.2221 hectares.
The land use is primarily on residential and commercial buildings, industrial areas, agricultural, forest or protected areas, roads and sanitary landfill.
La Carlota City currently has a population of 56,408 people in 11,082 households. Of the 14 Barangays, Barangay II has the biggest population at 9,221 and Barangay Yubo had the smallest with 1,962.
96% of the residents generally speak Ilonggo and about 4% speak Tagalog, Cebuano, Aklanon and Ilocano languages. English is generally understood by the populace.
COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY
The City generated a fund budget of P 176,243,962.00 in the year 2006. Agriculture is the main source of income for the residents as well as employment and other businesses.
Other business that adds up to the city revenue annually are general merchandise business, construction supplies, wholesalers and retailers, industrial facilities, rice mill, sugar mill, other services and financial institutions such as banks, lending institutions, pawnshops, eateries, recreational and amusement.
Two distinctive seasons in the City are the dry season during the months of January till May and wet season for the rest of the year.
ARTS & CULTURE
The City has a rich cultural heritage and is manifested through the celebration of the Pasalamat Festival every last week of April. The festival is based on the tradition of giving thanks to gods of elements after a bountiful harvest. This is a weeklong celebration similar to a Mardi Gras showcasing various parades of floats and caricatures. Street dancing is also evident using carabao leather drums and percussion instruments made out of indigenous materials as its background music. Another City celebration is the Festival of Lights every December 16 to 31.
Sugar is the main agricultural product of La Carlota.
La Carlota is also particularly popular for sugar-based food items, delicacies, and chicken “inasal. “
The city is a crossroad of diverse religions. Religious groups and their respective lay organizations are
very active in providing the community with social services.
LIST OF “BARANGAYS” (or communities)
The City is composed of 14 barangays, three Urban and eleven rural areas. The urban barangays are: Barangay I, Barangay II, and Barangay III which is all located in the city proper. Barangay Yubo on the other hand is 17.9 kilometers from the urban core:
Barangay I (Pob.)
Barangay II (Pob.)
Barangay III (Pob.)
CENTRAL AZUCARERA DE LA CARLOTA
Take a visit to the oldest hacienda and muscovado mill since 1929 in the Philippines.
DON TEODOLFO INFANTE ANCESTRAL HOUSE
This ancestral house was constructed in 1929 and use to be the place for grand parties. It is situated in Hacienda Guadalupe, Barangay Ayungon.
In December 12, 2001, the house was recognized by the National Historical Institute as Heritage House, and placed a Historical Marker.
DUNGOG SANG MANGKAS FOUNTAIN
This is located at the La Carlota City Plaza which features the profile of the city.
GUINTUBDAN PAVILION AND MT. KANLAON NATIONAL PARK
This is a tropical hideaway beneath a canopy of forest situated in Sitio Guintubdan, Barangay Ara-al which is just 30 minutes ride from the City proper and it boasts of natural springs, waterfalls, giant trees, ferns, among others. It is a refuge to those who seek peace. "Guintubdan" was derived after the word “tubod” meaning flowing water. The word Guintubdan means source of water since the place itself is abundant with water coming out from the many springs of the place.
Tourists may also take a hike to explore the virgin forest, to delight in the beauty of the flowers and have a picnic beside the waterfalls. In Guintubdan the water is cold.
Cool breath-taking resort at Barangay Haguimit, La Carlota City.
This is just situated in Central Azucarera de la Carlota, approximately 45 minutes south of Bacolod City. Tourists can be oriented as to how sugar is being processed and can also take a ride in the so-called “Iron dinosaur” train and have a full view of the whole sugarcane field.
LA GRANJA AGRICOLAS
This agricultural model farm was established in 1881 through the Spanish Royal Decree issued on November 15, 1881 and was formally opened on July 8, 1884.
MUSCOVADO SUGAR MILL
This mill was constructed in 1910 and is situated in Hacienda Canman-ug. The mill was constructed before the establishment of central Azucarera de La Carlota.
OUR LADY OF PEACE AND GOOD VOYAGE CHURCH
The Church is situated in Lapaz and was built in 1876 to 1877 with Romanesque architectural designs made of Silay red brick and corral stones. The bricks and corals are bonded together with lime. It is believed that eggs were used as a binder for the lime.
PARAISO (MASULOG) RESORT
This is situated in Barangay Hanoban. Tourists can enjoy the cool sping water from the mountain of Masulog.
This resort is ideal for family gatherings which is located in Barangay La Granja.
Buses ply the major routes in La Carlota City. Jeepneys also ply most of the city’s secondary roads
and even some major thoroughfares.
By sea, it is an 18-hour cruise from Manila and one hour aboard sea crafts from Iloilo. By land and sea travel, it is seven hours from Cebu. From Dumaguete City in Negros Oriental, Bacolod is 5 hours away from Mabinay in the south, and via San Carlos City in the north, 6 hours via the coastal road and 5 hours via the translink highway in Don Salvador Benedicto.